The House Committee on Veterans’ Affairs was created by the Legislative Reorganization Act of 1946 from three standing committees: Pensions, Invalid Pensions, and World War Veterans Legislation. The primary responsibility for the various predecessor committees of Veterans’ Affairs were federal programs for veterans, ranging from health care to veterans’ hospitals, education programs, and job counseling. Following World War II, the committee was especially focused on the readjustment to civil life of the millions of servicemen who had been uprooted by the war.